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Hagiwara Sakutarō: The Father of Modern Japanese Poetry
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Hagiwara Sakutarō was a prominent Japanese poet who is best known for contributing towards creating modern poetry in Japan. His works were influenced by modernist movements in Europe, and as a result, stood out from traditional Japanese poetry written during his time. In this article, we’ll explore Hagiwara Sakutarō’s fascinating life, his contributions to Japanese poetry, and his continued influence on modern-day Japanese literature.
Born in 1886 in Maebashi City, Japan, Hagiwara Sakutarō had a difficult childhood. His father was abusive, which led to him running away from home at the age of twelve. He lived on the streets for two years before being taken in by a religious group, where he studied and became a devout Buddhist. At the age of twenty-five, he embarked on a literary career that would shape the future of Japanese poetry.
Hagiwara’s poetry was revolutionary in Japan. He utilized free verse, which was unheard of during his time. His works were characterized by sparse, simple language with a focus on the beauty of nature and its transience. Hagiwara’s poetry was a rejection of traditional Japanese poetry, such as the waka and tanka, both of which have strict syllabic rules.
Hagiwara’s poetry caught the attention of renowned poets, including the famous Japanese poet, Takamura Kōtarō. Through their friendship, Hagiwara was introduced to Western literature, which would greatly influence his poetry. He was particularly drawn to the works of the French poet, Arthur Rimbaud, and the American poet, Walt Whitman.
Hagiwara’s first collection of poetry, Tsuki ni Hoeru (Howling at the Moon), was published in 191 It received critical acclaim and established Hagiwara as a revolutionary poet. The collection was later revised and republished in 1925 with new poems added.
In 1927, Hagiwara published his most famous work, Sekai no Hanarete (Far from the World). The collection of poems explored themes such as human isolation, mortality, and the search for meaning in life. The simplicity of the language and the depth of the themes made the collection accessible to a wide audience. Sekai no Hanarete is still widely read in Japan today, and Hagiwara’s influence on modern Japanese poetry is undeniable.
Despite his success, Hagiwara struggled with depression and mental illness throughout his life. He was institutionalized several times and spent much of his later years in hospitals. Hagiwara passed away in 1942 at the age of fifty-six, leaving behind a legacy of modernist poetry still taught in schools today.
In conclusion, Hagiwara Sakutaro was a revolutionary poet who revolutionized Japanese poetry. His use of free verse and simple language, combined with deepening themes, made his works accessible to a wider audience. Hagiwara remains a key figure in modern Japanese poetry, and his contributions to the genre have influenced generations of Japanese poets. Despite struggling with mental illness throughout his life, Hagiwara’s achievements continue to inspire the literary world today.
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